Almost half of American parents use the authoritative parenting style. Why does this matter? Because, according to researchers, parenting styles have a significant effect on children. These effects can continue into adulthood.
It’s why the prevalence of the authoritative parenting style isn’t surprising. This style of parenting usually results in outstanding outcomes for children.
Do you know what your parenting style is? If you don’t, read on to find out the five types of parenting styles and how each shapes a child’s personality.
Things That Affect Parenting Style
Did you consider which of the parenting styles you would adopt when having your children? Chances are you didn’t. Instead, you probably had a general idea of how you wanted to raise your children.
How your parents raised you and your experiences usually determine your parenting style. Most people tend to straddle different styles. Things that may affect parenting style include parents’:
- Physical and mental health
- Developmental history
- Energy levels
Other issues occurring in parents’ lives at the time may also affect parenting style. Styles may also change from one child to the other based on experience.
The 5 Types of Parenting Styles
Even before birth, most parents wonder what their child would be like. They may also worry about how their influence may affect their children.
But now, with years of parenting, you probably have a more distinctive parenting style. See if you can tell which of the five types of styles you fall under.
1. Authoritarian Parenting
The definition of authoritarian is strict enforcement of obedience to authority. It’s often at the expense of personal freedom. Authoritarian parenting is similar.
It is a strict approach based on firm rules and high expectations. This type of parenting style usually does not accommodate input from the child. It also may not provide a lot of support for kids.
The end goal is obedience. When rules aren’t followed the consequence may be harsh punishment.
These children will most likely have a healthy respect for rules. They’re less impulsive as they’ll think twice before doing something.
They’re disciplined, self-motivated, and independent. This usually helps them to achieve great academic results.
However, their rigid approach to achieving perfection can result in them internalizing behaviors. This includes fear, feelings of withdrawal, and loneliness.
2. Authoritative Parenting
It’s close in spelling, and maybe often confused with the parenting style above. But they are extremely different from each other. This type of parenting style is more balanced.
It seeks to be supportive and warm, yet firm. These parents discuss rules with children while setting out clear expectations. They don’t force children to adhere to rules simply because they’ve established them.
However, they don’t allow the lines of authority to become blurred. They set clear boundaries so that children know who’s in charge. They also hold their children accountable when they deviate from what’s expected.
Discipline involves coaching and natural guidance. Consequences are also more logical.
As mentioned, authoritative parenting is the style used by many US parents. That’s because it’s widely seen as a healthy approach to parenting.
Children raised using this style are usually more cooperative, friendly, and cheerful. Research shows they’re also self-reliant, curious, and goal-oriented.
3. Attachment Parenting
Attachment theory focuses on relationships between humans. It involves the long-term bonds formed between any two people. But one of the more important ones is between a parent and child.
It believes infants need to have ongoing physical contact with a primary caregiver. Advocates state that this is necessary for normal emotional and social development.
It is often considered a subset of authoritative parenting. But it puts more of an emphasis on physical touch and affection. It provides children with the tools needed to deal with challenges.
They are better equipped to cope with stress and adversity. But this approach can be challenging. Parents focusing on fulfilling the needs of their children often neglect their own.
These children often have a hard time transitioning on their own. This is usually the case in situations where their parents aren’t around.
This can include their first day at preschool and other first experiences. They often need a lot of reassurance emotionally.
4. Permissive Parenting
Permissive parents aren’t usually consistent when it comes to discipline and rules. Although they’re often lax, they’re extremely nurturing and warm. They tend to see themselves more as their child’s friend than a role model.
This leads to limited monitoring of children if any at all. Kids often have a lot of freedom with days without structure being the norm. Children also have little or no chores or responsibilities.
This type of parenting style tends to nurture free thinkers. Children raised in this way are usually not afraid to say how they feel.
They may also be more creative. But lack of boundaries may make adapting to societal rules and guidelines difficult.
5. Uninvolved Parenting
There’s little to no supervision entailed in uninvolved parenting. These parents usually aren’t capable of meeting their kids’ physical and emotional needs.
It’s a parenting style that experts agree, creates serious problems for children. These kids usually have low self-esteem. This affects their ability to trust others leading to difficulty forming healthy relationships.
Knowing Your Brand of Parenting
Studies in pediatrics often associate types of parenting styles with children’s behavior. One of the most common parenting styles is authoritative. It tends to provide a healthy balance for children.
So what parenting style are you? Chances are you use various techniques that you believe will help your child. This probably means you fall between styles. Most have valuable benefits.
What’s important is that you’re doing your best to provide your children with what they need. You won’t know everything. Most parents are learning as they go so it’s always good to seek help when needed.
Fairbanks Family Wellness is a great resource that offers a range of services for families. Our blog provides a wealth of information or you can contact us to access our services.